Maritime search and rescue - SAR
The SAR Convention 1979
The convention seeks to establish a coordinated international system for search and rescue of ships and persons in distress at sea. The convention predicts organizing search and rescue centers and coordination stages at the beach and working methods of neighboring countries to conduct search and rescue operations in a common area. In addition, the convention fully anticipates preparatory measures relating to the preparation, mapping and determining operational areas, establishment of major and minor search and rescue centers and effective operational methods in the event of an incident. Since joining the convention and implementing its provisions will increase the reassurance of sailors and passengers at sea and enhance maritime safety, and to take advantage of the positive results of uniform application of international provisions on the rescue operation predicted in the International SAR Convention 1979, joining the convention was put on the agenda of the PMO, as the maritime authority of the country. After numerous meetings and expert discussions, the convention text was translated into Persian; and a bill to joining of Islamic Republic of Iran was submitted to Parliament. In the end, with the approval of Parliament on May 11, 1994 and the Guardian Council on May 18, 1994, Iran joined the SAR Convention.
The benefits of maritime search and rescue operations
· Reduced loss of life and property damage
· Creating a safe environment for industries related to maritime, aviation, tourism, research, etc.
· Positive publicity for the country
· Protection and sovereign of the state waters
· Reduced liability and freight insurance in the shipping industry
· Providing peace of mind for close relatives of the vessel's crew and passengers
Introducing the International Air and Maritime Search and Rescue (IAMSAR) Manual
The first aim of the publication of three volumes of IAMSAR Manual can be cited as follows:
Helping countries to host search and rescue meetings and address needs, and observing laws under the following conventions to which they are joined:
· International Civil Airborne Convention (ICAO)
· International Convention on Maritime Search and Rescue (SAR)
· International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea (SOLAS)
Furthermore, developing a manual to apply common air and sea approaches for organizing the search and rescue services was also intended.
Volume I: Organization and management
· The concept of a global system for search and rescue
· Establishing and improving national and regional search and rescue systems
· Cooperation with neighboring countries to provide effective and economic search and rescue services
Volume 2: Operations coordination
· Assisting staff who plan and coordinate search and rescue operations and exercises
Volume 3: Mobile features
· It refers to carrying tools on rescue units, aircrafts or vessels for search and rescue or providing instructions of the mission coordinator at the scene
Areas covered by Iranian Maritime Rescue Coordination Centers (MRCCs)
The coasts of the Islamic Republic of Iran in the Caspian Sea, the Persian Gulf and the Sea of Oman are divided into 7 MRCCs in terms of the distribution of marine incidents to more precisely control the search and rescue operations. They include: 3 centers in northern Iran around the Caspian Sea (Bandar Anzali, Noshahr Port and Amirabad Port) in southern Iran around the Persian Gulf and the Sea of Oman (Bandar Imam Khomeini, Bushehr Port, Bandar Abbas and Chabahar Port).
Distribution of MRCCs in Bushehr Port
The maritime search and rescue coordination center of Bushehr is equipped with advanced telecommunications systems for radio coverage of the area in order to receive emergency messages of vessels in distress in the waters of the Persian Gulf. The main tasks of this center include coordinating minor MRCCs located on the shores of Bushehr Port and other organizations participating in the provincial search and rescue plan, and guidance and control of the maritime search and rescue operations in the waters of Bushehr Port.
Minor MRCC of Kharg
This center is equipped with a naval communications station with the radio coverage of the coastal areas of Bushehr, Gonaveh, Deilam, Rigg and oil wells of northern Persian Gulf area (Soroush, Bahregan Sar, Ardeshir, etc.). The advanced search and rescue vessel Naji 9 is already located at this center.
The minor MRCC of Deir Port was established on September 2004. It is equipped with the required communication systems and the search and rescue vessel. The advanced search and rescue vessel Naji 9 is already located at this center.
Minor MRCC of Asalooye Port
After investigating marine incidents in the waters of Bushehr Port in 2004 and studying various incidents occurred in Asalooye and Mataf, the minor MRCC of Asalooye was established to effectively cover and respond to marine incidents in the mentioned areas. Now the vessel Naji 2 is located in this center.
Prevent and combat pollution of the marine environment