Who is a pilot? According to the pilot instructions, a pilot is an individual with pilotage merit certificate and acts as an advisor to the commander for navigation of the ship within the port area.
The pilot positions in ports include head pilot, pilot level 1, level 2 and level 3. Those who pass the pilotage training course are called neophyte.
According to Iranian Maritime Law and the administrative instructions for ship traffic, all vessels entering or leaving the port are required to take a pilot. Pilotage services to ships in the port are delivered 24/7 through the year.
According to Clause 23 of Chapter IV of Iranian Maritime Law (Volume I), pilots must drive and steer ships upon the request of the ship commander. In this case, the commander or his deputy must accompany the pilot. If the ship sustains any damage due to the pilot's command or the port facilities are damaged by the ship, the port authority will not be responsible in any way and the pilot is liable and will be sentenced to administrative penalties due to the negligence or recklessness or non-compliance of the port provisions.
Legal liability of the commander: According to Article 22 of Chapter IV of Iranian Maritime Law, "if the ship commander does not accept the pilot's warnings or ignores regulations concerning the port traffic and security, then the commander will be liable for any damage caused by his action and may also be condemned to the penalties stipulated in Article 64."
Navigation: According to Regulation A-VIII/49&50 of the STCW-95 Convention, the pilot presence on the ship will not disclaim the commander's responsibilities. Thus the commander and other members of the command bridge should take necessary measures for the exchange of information and cooperation with the pilot while performing duties set by the pilot regarding the safety of operations.
Compensation: According to Article 23 of Chapter IV of Iranian Maritime Law, the PMO will not be liable for accidents caused by the pilot.
Pilot's job descriptions in the port:
- Guidance, docking and undocking of all ships without limitation (from the outer harbor to the dock and vice versa).
- Communication with the ship commander for preparation of the ship for the pilot's boarding.
- Providing needed reports about the state of the channel and dock to the ship commander.
- Obtaining information on the technical condition and safety of the ship prior to arrival.
- Selecting proper tugs for the ship and maintaining good communication with the commander during operations.
- Making all necessary arrangements with the control and traffic center during pilotage operations.
- Providing reports for navigational aid marks and waterway to the control center.
- Use of navigational aid tools to guide the ship.
- Anchoring and unanchoring of vessels